IB IA Economics Topic Ideas

Table of Contents

This guide will provide an overview of International Baccalaureate (IB) Internal Assessment Economics topics. It is designed to inform students about the range of topics that can be covered within the course, as well as offer tips and advice for researching and writing the essay component of the Internal Assessment. The following sections will discuss relevant economic systems in different countries, environmental issues, globalization, labour markets, government intervention, and potential topics for Internal Assessment essays.

IB Economics Internal Assessment is a part of the curriculum covering a wide range of topics, from economic theory to real-world examples. It assesses a student’s ability to apply knowledge to solve economic problems, as well as their ability to think critically and use data and evidence to support their arguments. The topics of this course are diverse and will focus on the economics of different countries around the world. In addition, it may also include topics related to environmental issues, globalisation, and the labour market.

In this guide, we will provide an overview of the International Baccalaureate Internal Assessment Economics topics and outline the structure of the assessment along with the grading rubric. We will also provide advice on how to find potential topics, conduct research, edit your essay, and ultimately best prepare yourself for success.

IB IA Economics Topic Ideas

Are you looking to create an awesome IB Internal Assessment Economics topic? Never fear! In this article, we will discuss the overview of this assessment, the structure, and what topics you can choose to write about.

First, let’s go over some of the things you should know. Economics is a subject that deals with the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. It involves the study of how individuals and societies make decisions in regards to the distribution of resources.

When it comes to IB Internal Assessment Economics, there are a few key concepts you should understand. These include supply and demand, the structure of the internal assessment, and the scoring rubric.

Supply and Demand: This basic economic concept states that when a product is in high demand and has a low supply, its price increases. Conversely, when a product is in low demand and has a high supply, its price decreases.

The Structure of the Internal Assessment: This consists of three parts — the introduction, the main body, and the conclusion. The introduction should provide background information on the topic. The main body should discuss the various aspects of the topic in detail. And the conclusion should summarize the key points and provide additional resources.

Scoring Rubric: This is a set of criteria used to assess the quality of a student’s work. Generally, these criteria include clarity, organization, focus on topic, evidence, use of language, and accuracy.

Now that you have a better understanding of these essential concepts, you can start coming up with your own ideas for great Internal Assessment Economics topics.

Exploring Economic Systems Around the World

When writing an Internal Assessment for Economics, it is important to consider the different economic systems present in different countries. This section will provide insight into different economic systems and how they can help inform Internal Assessment Topic ideas.

Depending on the country, economic systems vary between capitalism, socialism and mixed economies. Each economic system operates differently and has different strengths and weaknesses. For example, Western countries like the United States operate a capitalist system where businesses and individuals are largely free to make economically motivated decisions. In contrast, socialist countries such as China maintain control over the economy through their government, resulting in less individual economic freedom.

Exploring the different economic systems of different countries can provide great topic ideas for Internal Assessments. Examining the impact of government intervention in a capitalist system or the effectiveness of a socialist system can lead to interesting discussions about the advantages and disadvantages of each system. Different countries also have unique cultures and societies, so exploring the impact of these on economics can lead to thoughtful insights.

It is also useful to look at individual countries’ economic histories to get a more complete understanding of their current economic state. Analysis of past events can lead to questions about what could have been done differently and why certain economic outcomes occurred. The effects of recent policy decisions can also be examined to better understand how economic changes can takes place.

Investigating different economic systems provides a vast array of potential topics for Internal Assessments. Exploring the various strengths and weaknesses of different economic systems can lead to meaningful insights into economic systems around the world. Utilizing an international perspective can help answer questions about the impacts of economic policies and further our understanding of economics.

Environmental Impact: Exploring Sustainable and Natural Resource Management

Sustainability and natural resource management are important topics for any IB Internal Assessment economics student to consider. With this section, we’re going to explore the intersecting issues of environmental concerns and economic growth.

At the heart of this discussion lies the concept of ‘sustainable development’ – the idea that economic growth should be achieved without compromising the environment. This is especially important considering the current strain placed on our planet’s resources by human activities. To ensure sustainable development, policies must be implemented to reduce carbon emissions and promote responsible use of natural resources.

Achieving environmental sustainability requires us to confront topics such as renewable energy sources, green technology, energy efficiency, and pollution control. It also requires us to consider the economic impact of environmental regulations and their effectiveness. For example, implementing a carbon tax is a way to encourage businesses to reduce their carbon emissions, but the economic burden of such taxes needs to be carefully weighed.

Natural resource management must also be examined in context of economic growth. This involves looking at topics like resource scarcity, land degradation, deforestation, water security, and waste management. We must also consider the human costs associated with these issues, as exploitation of natural resources can often lead to displacement and unfair distribution of resources.

Ultimately, this section is about understanding the importance of sustainability and natural resource management for our future and learning how to apply those concepts to I.B. Internal Assessment economics.


Globalization refers to the process of worldwide economic, cultural, and technological integration. It is often seen as a positive force that enables countries to learn from each other, cooperate, and develop economically. However, there are also potential drawbacks associated with globalization.

The effects of globalization can be seen in many Internal Assessment Economics topics. For example, countries can be affected by changes in the global economy, such as the increase in free trade agreements and the emergence of companies with multinational operations. Additionally, increased competition among nations can lead to differences in wages and labor standards. All of these topics may be of interest when considering a global economics Internal Assessment.

It is important to remember that while globalization can bring many benefits, it can also come with risks. People and communities can be negatively impacted by changes such as job losses, rising prices, or an influx of foreign products and services. As part of your research for any Internal Assessment on globalization, you should consider both the positive and negative impacts.

It is also valuable to consider various perspectives on globalization and its effect on economics. For example, you may want to explore how different countries view globalization, or how different economic systems manage the impact of globalization. Additionally, you may want to consider the role of international institutions in managing economic integration.

With all this in mind, the effect of globalization on economics-related Internal Assessments can be explored in many interesting ways. Whether you want to focus on the broader global economy or look at its impact on specific countries, globalization brings a unique set of opportunities and challenges to the Internal Assessment Economics topics.

Labour Markets and Development

The labour market is an integral part of any strong economy. Labour markets influence economic growth through the way wages and prices are set, how resources are allocated, and how opportunities are created for people to participate in the economy. When it comes to the development of an economy, understanding the labour market is key to laying a strong foundation for success.

In terms of Internal Assessment Economics topics, labour markets are essential to understand. For example, topics related to economic growth often focus on the impact of labour markets on the overall macroeconomy. This can range from exploring the effects of minimum wage laws on employment to assessing the effects of globalization on labour supply.

Another key area of economics related to labour markets is international development. Many countries struggle with creating inclusive and well-functioning labour markets which enable long-term economic growth. Exploring topics such as job creation strategies, unionization, and the impacts of foreign investment on local labour markets can all provide interesting ideas for Internal Assessment topics.

Finally, labour markets are closely linked to the concept of the informal economy. This is the hidden sector of the economy which is often made up of small businesses, self-employed people, and unpaid family members who are not officially included in official labour market statistics. Understanding the role of the informal economy helps to explain the dynamics of labour markets and how they interact with the wider economy.

As you can see, there are many fascinating topics related to labour markets and development that can be explored for Internal Assessment Economics topics. Understanding the labour market is essential for gaining an insight into how economics affects our lives and how best to harness the potential of an economy for the benefit of everyone.

Government Intervention Into the Economy

When it comes to economics, governments intervene in the economy in order to regulate it and create policies that promote economic growth. Government intervention can take many forms such as taxation, subsidies, regulations, and public services. Although government intervention has many benefits, it also has a few drawbacks.

Benefits of Government Intervention

Government intervention can help to ensure that the economy is fair and equitable, providing better access to resources for those who are disadvantaged. Government intervention can also be used to stimulate economic growth, reduce unemployment or inflation, and to help foster innovation and technological advances. It can also be used to help protect the environment and support industry, allowing businesses to operate more efficiently.

Limitations of Government Intervention

Government intervention into the economy can lead to market distortions due to price controls, increased bureaucracy, and the inability to accurately measure costs and benefits. Government intervention can also lead to a decrease in economic efficiency due to inefficient allocation of resources. Additionally, it can lead to an increase in public debt and large government deficits, as governments often have difficulty raising enough money to pay for their interventions.


Government intervention is an important part of the economy and can be used to help promote economic growth and improve welfare. However, there are some drawbacks to government intervention that should be considered when developing policies. It is important to weigh the benefits and limitations of government intervention to ensure that any policies created are effective at achieving their desired goals.


In conclusion, Internal Assessments in Economics can cover a wide variety of topics. These include economic systems in different countries, environmental impacts, the effect of globalization, labour markets, government interventions and international development. In order to write a great internal assessment essay, it is important to know the relevant concepts behind each topic, as well as to use appropriate resources for research. Additionally, it is essential to take into consideration the scoring rubric and strive to stay within the given time limit. We highly recommend double-checking your work by proofreading it carefully and seeking help when needed. If you need further guidance, there are additional online resources and materials to explore. Hopefully, this guide has provided you with some insight into what topics can be covered in Internal Assessment Economics essays and how to approach them. Use it as a starting point when considering potential topics and good luck on your future endeavors!

List of Potential Topics

When studying economics, there are a variety of topics you can explore. For Internal Assessment Economics, you may have to look at a particular issue in more depth but the topics you choose will depend on your interests and the specifics of your course. Here are some examples of potential topics that could form the basis of an Internal Assessment (IA) task:

  • The impact of economic policies on the growth of small businesses.
  • The impact of trade agreements on the domestic economy.
  • Analysis of the impact of currency devaluation on an economy.
  • Exploring the impact of privatization on economic development.
  • Investigating the effects of taxation on economic performance.
  • Examining the role of international institutions in global economic growth.
  • Analyzing the impact of monetary and fiscal policy on public debt.
  • Exploring the uses and effects of tax incentives for businesses.
  • Comparing different strategies for achieving full employment.
  • Evaluating the effectiveness of government regulation in controlling inflation.
  • Exploring the implications of technological innovation on economic development.

These are just a few examples of topics that could be explored as part of an I.B Internal Assessment task in Economics. Depending on what aspect of the subject you are interested in, there are a range of possibilities. Remember to discuss the topic with your teacher before deciding which one to pursue.

Research Tips for I.B Internal Assessment Economics

Researching for your I.B Internal Assessment Economics project can be a daunting task, especially if you are not sure where to start. In this section, we are going to discuss some tips and best practices for conducting research for your Internal Assessment project.

The first thing you need to do when you begin your research is to identify the purpose of your investigation. This will help you focus on the important information and resources available. Make sure that you understand the criteria for the assessment and what is expected of you in terms of content and structure.

Next, you need to choose a specific topic to focus on. Try to pick a subject that you have a deep interest in to make it easier to stay motivated throughout the research process. Also, be sure to narrow down the topic to make sure that it is manageable, within the scope of the project, and relevant to the Internal Assessment criteria.

Once you have chosen your topic, it’s time to start researching. Use a variety of reliable sources such as academic journals, books, articles, and websites. Note-taking while researching can help you stay organised and provides a list of references for the bibliography. It’s also important to think critically about the material that you find and assess the accuracy and relevance of the information.

Finally, make sure that you use the research effectively. Being able to make connections between different concepts and draw conclusions from the data is an important part of IB Internal Assessment. Analyse your findings and ensure that you are able to support any claims you make with evidence.

By following these simple steps and being mindful of the criteria for the assessment, you can increase your chances of success when researching for your IB Internal Assessment Economics project.

Editing and Proofreading Advice

Proofreading is an important step in your IB Internal Assessment Economics research process. Editing and proofreading can help you perfect your essay before submission. Here are some tips for making sure your essay is polished and ready for grading:
  • Read your essay from start to finish. This will help you identify any typos and mistakes you might have made.
  • Check for grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors. Make sure words are spelled correctly and sentences make sense.
  • Look for any factual errors or potential issues with your logic and argument. Research any concepts you don’t understand and double-check your sources.
  • Create an outline to organize your thoughts before writing. This will make the actual writing process easier.
  • Take a break after completing your first draft. Then come back and read it with fresh eyes and you’ll be able to spot any issues more easily.
  • If possible, ask someone else to read your essay. A second opinion can be invaluable, especially when it comes to catching mistakes in your work.
  • Finally, look up any unfamiliar words and double check how they’re used in context.
Following these simple steps can make a real difference when it comes to improving the quality of your I.B Internal Assessment Economics paper. By taking the time to edit and proofread your work, you can ensure your essay is free of mistakes and grammatical errors. Good luck!

Wrapping Up

Now that you have explored the many aspects of IB Internal Assessment Economics topics, it is time to wrap up! There are many ways to approach Internal Assessment Economics topics. Here are some general pieces of advice that can be helpful when you are starting out.

  • Research and read widely- The more you know about a topic the better you will be able to analyze and explain the concepts.
  • Utilize primary sources- Find and read official news articles, research papers, and other primary resources to get accurate information.
  • Develop Definitions- Ensure that any terms or concepts that you use are clearly defined and explained.
  • Look for Trends- Pay attention to trends such as market movements and international developments that could influence your topic.
  • Keep it Simple- Break down complex topics into simpler components to make it easier to understand and discuss.
  • Think Critically- Use critical thinking skills to evaluate evidence and draw conclusions from data.
  • Check Your Work- Make sure to carefully proofread and edit your work before submission.

By following these tips and referring to the list of suggested topics, you should be well on your way to completing a great Internal Assessment project in economics!

Nick Radlinsky

Nick Radlinsky

Nick Radlinsky is a passionate educator, marketer, and management expert with over 15 years of experience in the education sector. After graduating from business school in 2016, Nick embarked on a journey to earn his PhD, fueled by his dedication to making education better for students everywhere. His extensive experience, beginning in 2008, has made him a trusted authority in the field.

Nick's groundbreaking article, published in Routledge's "Entrepreneurship in Central and Eastern Europe: Development through Internationalization," showcases his keen insights and commitment to improving the educational landscape. Guided by his motto, "Make education better," Nick's mission is to simplify students' lives and promote efficiency in learning. His innovative ideas and leadership have helped transform countless educational experiences, setting him apart as a true pioneer in his field.

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